A strong climate agreement, supported by measures on the ground, will help us achieve the Sustainable Development Goals to end poverty, build stronger economies and create safer, healthier and more livable societies everywhere. There are 12 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals that directly involve taking action to combat climate change, in addition to the fact that climate change has its own goal. Comment: The Paris climate agreement must be political and not legally binding. The agreement stipulated that it would only enter into force (and therefore fully effective) if 55 countries that produce at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions (according to a list drawn up in 2015)  ratify, accept, approve or adhere to the agreement.   On April 1, 2016, the United States and China, which together account for nearly 40% of global emissions, issued a joint statement confirming that the two countries would sign the Paris climate agreement.  175 contracting parties (174 states and the European Union) signed the agreement on the first day of its signing.   On the same day, more than 20 countries announced plans to join the accession as soon as possible in 2016. The ratification by the European Union has achieved a sufficient number of contracting parties to enter into force on 4 November 2016. Currently, 197 countries – every nation on earth, the last signatory is war-torn Syria – have adopted the Paris Agreement.
179 of them have consolidated their climate proposals with official approval, including, for the time being, the United States. The only major emitters that have yet to formally accede to the agreement are Russia, Turkey and Iran. Comment: “Like hell, it is not binding,” Donald Trump said of the 2015 UN agreement on reducing carbon pollution. Is he right? In response, dozens of articles found that the agreement was not legally binding on the United States or any other country. To which Trump replied: “Like hell, it`s non-binding.” Indeed, research shows that the cost of climate activity far outweighs the cost of reducing carbon pollution. A recent study suggests that if the United States does not meet its climate targets in Paris, it could cost the economy up to $6 trillion in the coming decades. A lack of compliance with the NPNs currently foreseen in the agreement could reduce global GDP by more than 25% by the end of the century. Meanwhile, another study estimates that achieving – or even exceeding – the Paris targets by investing in infrastructure in clean energy and energy efficiency could have great benefits globally – about $19 trillion.